The worsening Sino-US trade war has battered China’s stocks and currency this year but that hasn’t stopped foreign investors rushing into the country’s capital markets, which are increasingly opening up despite rising protectionism.
If anything, the selloff has hastened bargain-hunting among investors, such as Fidelity International, UBS Asset Management and JP Morgan Asset Management, which believe the long-term growth potential of the world’s second biggest economy outweighs the more immediate hit from trade disputes.
“In this environment, a handful of ‘fallen angels’ can be found,” said Catherine Yeung, investment director at Fidelity International.
She notes that compared with developed markets, China’s A-shares have already priced in much of the uncertainty around trade.
Assets under management in several of Fidelity’s China-focused funds have increased this year, despite the market slumping more than 15%.
UBS AM, JP Morgan AM and Neuberger Berman have also stepped up A-share buying this year.
“China has accelerated the opening up of its capital markets this year to mitigate the negative impact (of the trade war),” said Hu Yifan, China economist at UBS Wealth Management.
Following global index provider MSCI’s historic inclusion of China A-shares in June, regulators are redoubling efforts to integrate the $7tn stock market and $11tn bond market into the global financial system.
China’s global market profile could grow over the next 12 months with the imminent launch of the Shanghai-London Stock Connect, the possible expansion of A-shares weighting in MSCI indices and the potential entry into FTSE Russell’s global equity indexes.
In a “dream scenario”, BNP Paribas estimates China’s efforts to connect its relatively isolated capital markets to the global financial system could create $1.3tn – $1.45tn of foreign demand for yuan assets.
During the first eight months of the year, China’s stock market drew $47.7bn of net foreign portfolio inflows, according to the Institute of International Finance (IIF).
“We’ve been positive about China’s consumption growth opportunities for a while,” said Shumin Huang, head of research for Greater China Equities at JP Morgan Asset Management.
Huang, whose team covers over 150 A-shares, sees long-term investment opportunities in battered sectors such as healthcare and education.
Several China-focused exchange-traded funds popular with long-term foreign investors have seen increased inflows. These include iShares FTSE A50 China Index ETF and Xtrackers Harvest CSI300 ETF.
Overseas holdings of China stocks have jumped nearly 50% over the past year, but still account for less than 3% of total market capitalisation.
In the bond market, overseas holdings surged 70% over the past 12 months to 1.75tn yuan ($255.25bn), although this too is meagre, accounting for just 2% of the market.
However, Wang Xiaojian, chairman of Shanghai Yaozhi Asset Management Co, expects foreign bond ownership to double over the next five years.
His group plans to launch a bond fund in Hong Kong to help foreign institutions invest in mainland Chinese debt.
China’s net capital inflows this year contrast with outflows seen in neighbouring markets such as Thailand, Russia and South Korea, according to IIF data, drawn out by a rising US dollar and stocks.
Despite increased trade tensions, China’s market operators are keen to show they’re open for business.
This month, the Shanghai Stock Exchange invited nearly 20 global institutions including UBS AM, Nomura Asset Management and Norges Bank to meet executives from six Shanghai-listed companies.
Beijing has also relaxed capital flow rules, and awarded local fund management licenses to several global managers.
“That’s seen as a very strong signal that the opening of the market is actually going ahead, regardless of the trade war,” said Stephane Loiseau, Asia Pacific Head of Cash Equities & Global Execution Services at Societe Generale.